Most of the world’s population does not have any idea about hay fever. Hay fever is a kind of allergy that is caused and triggered by dust or pollen then the linings of the nose start to produce more mucus. The hay fever is one of the allergies that is caused by airborne substances. The mucous membranes of the nose and the eyes become very itchy, and runny nose begins to appear. The membranes of the eyes and nose become inflamed; thus causing watery eyes and colds or even sore throat if not treated right away. Hay fever is commonly known as allergic rhinitis. Hay fever affects about 30% of the world’s population. It has a symptom similar to sinus pressures. The incidence of hay fever or allergic rhinitis has been reported to have been increased significantly especially in the most developed countries over the past decades. However, allergic rhinitis or the hay fever must not be confused with colds because colds are caused by viruses and not through some airborne substances.
The substance that causes most of the allergies, in this case, the hay fever is called the allergens. Allergens are the harmful foreign substances that enter the human body, and once they enter the human body, the immune system reacts and response. Thus allergy happens and occurs. In the case of the hay fever, the allergens are the pollens, dust or any airborne substances. However, this may not be true for everybody because there are people who do not experience hay fever because these substances are not allergens to them. Thus their immune system will not react even if these things are present. Hay fever only occurs to those people who are having allergies towards dust, pollen or any airborne substances.
Despite having its name, hay fever, it does not literarily mean that the person is allergic to hay, and hay itself is not an allergy and having a hay fever does not cause a fever at all. However there are people who integrate hay fever as someone who has allergies from plants, fungi; while they understand allergic rhinitis as an allergy to pollen, dust mites, and some other airborne substances or particles. But both of the terms are the same.
Symptoms of Hay Fever or Allergic Rhinitis
- Watery eyes
- excessive sneezing
- watery and runny nose
- nasal congestion
Runny nose with very clear mucus
- nose itching
- eyes itching
There is what they call as a postnasal dripping. It is when a very clear mucus would not stop from dripping from your nose, and it is uncontrollable, and it will eventually develop into a cough or a sore throat. Another symptom is a loss of sense of smell because when someone experiences hay fever, a clogged nose may occur as well. Since ear, nose, and tongue are connected, the sense of hearing is lessened, and the sense of taste is also affected.
Hay Fever or Allergic Rhinitis Treatment and Management
To lessen or to avoid the things that could trigger hay fever or allergic rhinitis, below are things to consider to have some changes in your environment or at home.
Keep windows cleaned and closed: When it is during high pollen periods, it is very much advisable to keep your windows closed to avoid the pollen from entering your home.
Wash Hands Often: After petting a pet or animal, always wash your hands. Not just after petting but it is advisable for someone who is very sensitive to airborne allergens always to wash their hands from time to time.
Take Medication: There are some treatments available that do not need any doctor’s prescription, and these are the antihistamines and the decongestants.
Most of the people who always experience airborne allergies have a hard time socializing and do some physical activities.